Clearly, efforts to increase short-term … … Just prior to publication of the White Paper Carney (1998) provides a simpler vision but also one which has resonance with that of Chambers and Conway: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. These typically seek to provide farmer populations with access to new or expanded non-farm opportunities, such as … This report presents the findings of a Livelihoods Diversification Analysis (LDA) that aims to inform the development of future programmatic interventions and strategic efforts to promote livelihood diversification in the Sahel by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Sahel Regional Office (SRO) at USAID/Senegal. Thus, the results of this study suggested that there is … more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. (ii) Organization of this paper This paper reviews some of the broad theoretical and case-study based literature on various forms of livelihood diversification in rural areas of … However, the relationship between … Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. Before the commencement of fieldwork, a pilot study is conducted during the month of June 2015. RNFE is progressive and livelihood diversification is a positive strategy of adaptation which can lead to accumulation by rural producers. Therefore, this study was conducted to empirically analyse the effect of livelihood 3.2 Rural livelihoods diversification. … @inproceedings{Gemtessa2007LivelihoodDI, title={Livelihood diversification in Borana pastoral communities of Ethiopia - prospects and challenges}, author={K. Gemtessa and E. Bezabih and W. Tiki}, year={2007} } K. Gemtessa, E. Bezabih, W. Tiki; Published 2007; Geography; This paper analyzes the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. livelihoods diversification and alternative livelihoods in the drylands of eastern Africa. and Ellis, (2000) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification and migration as the three core livelihood strategies. Livelihood diversification is beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental risks and to improve livelihood sustainability and regional sustainable development. It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification… Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Livelihood diversification is typical in coastal rural areas and it is increasingly important to identify opportunities for income generation and ways to alleviate poverty. Although still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of survival in rural areas. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. Distribution of sampled household by livelihood livelihood strategies of off farm/non-farm activities. LIVELIHOODS AND COPING STRATEGIES OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN ABELA LIDA PEASANT ASSOCIATION OF SHEBEDINO DISTRICT, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA. 1,2,3 . However, putting SLA into practice is not as … Impact . The study employed Participatory Rural Appraisal and survey methods. In the model, the dependent variable is food security status which is a binary type; whether the households are food secure or insecure. Livelihood diversification would include both on- and off-farm activities undertaken to generate income additional to that from the main household agricultural activities. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. The differences between livelihood diversification and income diversification is that; livelihood diversification includes non-monetary activities as well as income earning activities, hence it is a broader concept than income diversification (Harris-Coble, 2017). During the pilot study, it is found that Barbarua Block of Dibrugarh district has the … Keywords: Livelihood Diversification, Women Empowerment, Self-Help Groups, Micro Credit 1. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. This reading provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in Zambia. The paper’s objectives are first, to increase awareness of livelihood diversification in This second set of issues represents the entry point of this article, namely, to highlight the differ-ent livelihood diversifi cation trends and strategies practiced by rural dwellers, and identify the key determinants of these strategies to inform the development of appro-priate policies for poverty reduction. management, livelihood improvement and diversification, improvement of basic services and capacity building, project management, monitoring and evaluation. (2019) also conducted a study on the impact of income diversification on rural livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh. 1 Assistant Professor and Head of Department, Department of Rural Development, Amir Muhammad Khan Campus, Mardan, The University of Agriculture-Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification. For the poorest, who have the least capacity to effectively manage risk, diversification may be a response to constraints imposed upon them by increasing climate risk. 2 A. Rural livelihoods diversification has generally occurred as a result of an increased importance of off-farm wage labor in household livelihood portfolio or through the development of new forms of on-farm/on-site production of non-conventional marketable commodities. It aims to provide a set of guidance for development and conservation practitioners whose task it is to assist … Unsettled herder households (UHH), settled herder households (SHH) and farmer households (FH) are different household types in far northwestern China whose livelihood diversification has not been fully explored. Thus SLA could be said to be a practical framework for evidence-based intervention and has much logic resting behind it, especially in a world undergoing rapid change and where resources to support development interventions are inevitably limited. livelihood diversification strategies. Livelihood diversification is defined as the “process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and in order to improve their standards of living” (Ellis, 1998). LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) FINAL REPORT APRIL 25, 2017 This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development. On the other hand livelihood diversification is viewed as a residual sector that offers no more than a ‘bargain basement’ for distress or … The rural people are looking for diverse opportunities to increase and stabilize their incomes, which are determined by their portfolio of assets … Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. Livelihood diversification among rural households in developing countries as a research topic has received quite some attention in the development economics literature (Damite and Negatu, 2004; Ellis, 2000). Efforts to raise or stabilise incomes, to reduce risk, and to deal with the seasonality of certain types of income (especially farming incomes) may lead to the over-exploitation of environmental resources and the erosion of natural capital over the longer term. Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. Conversely, the identification of a particular niche commodity (e.g. DECLARATION I, Admiral Ncube … The study scarce, livelihood diversification is the key strategy through which farmers try to sustain and improve their well being and gradually farming becomes less important. IMPACT OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION ON HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY: THE CASE OF HURUNGWE DISTRICT, ZIMBABWE by ADMIRAL NCUBE Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the MASTER OF ARTS degree in the subject of DEVELOPMENT STUDIES at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: DR. STEPHAN P. TREURNICHT . Households diversify their livelihoods as a means of satisfying their basic needs and also to achieve the livelihood objectives in the long run. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. However, as the success rate of these approaches falls short of expectations, questions … Livelihood diversification is commonly accepted as the promising strategy to escape from such type of shocks and to transform the rural economy. For instance in Pakistan, rural households commonly … Ample studies conducted about livelihood diversification in rural Ethiopia were limited to determinants and measuring its extent rather than investigating how it influences other equally important welfare outcomes like food security. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. With respect to ecosystem-based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village. Livelihood diversification interests and barriers to uptake for target populations: What are the economic and vocational visions and aspirations of population sub-groups of interest, and their perceived challenges and barriers to diversifying away from traditional climate-dependent livelihoods? Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. {13.2.1, 13.3} • Changing climate trends lead to shifts in rural livelihoods with mixed outcomes, such … Such models approximate … Over the past three decades scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification as a strategy for sustainable resource exploitation and improved wellbeing. This study was conducted to assess the various factors that affect households’ decisions on livelihood diversifications the case of Kuormuk and Homosha districts of Assosa zone, Beneshangul Gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia. These include activity or environment diversification in … Journal of African Economies 20(5) 781–822. For the poorest, who have the least capacity to effectively manage risk, diversification may be a response to constraints imposed upon them by increasing climate risk. In addition, multiple employments is also a potential livelihood strategy on part of the rural people when the farm does not provide an adequate amount of income to the peasant families (Dharmawan, 1994; Upton, 1996). Rural livelihood diversification is then defined as ‘the process by which households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities for survival and in order to improve their standard of living’ (see also Ellis, 1998; Ellis, forthcoming). Metadata Show full item record. Stakeholders’ consultations were carried out at community, district, and regional levels. Salam et al. According to Lawal and Omonona … Diversification of livelihoods is essential The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. This focuses on assessing the contribution and impact of predominant livelihood diversification strategies in study area. The results indicate that livelihood diversification has a positive and significant effect on household income at p < 0.0001. This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. Logistic Econometric Model Results Cumulative Frequency Percent In order to examine the role of livelihood Percent On- farm 148 41.69 41.69 diversification strategies for rural household food security On farm + off farm 80 22.54 64.23 in … In this sense, rural livelihoods are not limited just to income derived solely from farming but it is a holistic way of looking on their livelihood strategies. 3. IJAAR 5 (2017) 82-88 ISSN 2053-1265 Determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State, Nigeria Ayantoye K.1, Amao J. O.2* and Fanifosi G. E.2 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria. (PDF) AN ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION ON THE FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF THE RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN UDI L.G.A OF ENUGU STATE | TJPRC Publication - Academia.edu Diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental shocks on the path to improving food security. Livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers’ income and promote sustainable land management practices. Livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers’ income and promote sustainable land management practices. Livelihood diversification is a process by which rural households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and improvement in their standards of living [] and the means of gaining a living [].It can be defined as the maintenance and continuous alteration of highly varied range of activities and occupations to minimize household … Diversification can be non-farm (non-agricultural enterprises) or off-farm activities where rural income is earned in the rural area. Livelihood Diversification: A Streatagy for Rural Income Enhancement. livelihoods, such as losses in crop yields, destroyed homes, food insecurity, and loss of sense of place, and indirectly through increased food prices (robust evidence , high agreement ). determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State and specifically, to identify the pattern of livelihood diversification and determine the level of diversification. A 1.0% increase in livelihood diversification will lead to 3.9% increase in income signifying an elastic relationship. this „resilience‟ to stress and shocks is the diversification of elements that comprise „livelihood‟. Livelihood diversification includes both on and off-farm activities which are undertaken to generate additional income from the major agricultural activities, via the production of subsidiary agricultural and non-agricultural goods and services, the sale of wage labor, or self-employment in small firms, and other strategies undertaken to minimize risk. Abstract. The analysis focuses on a … Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Livelihood diversification in South Africa has become a norm for most of the rural households as a strategy to cope with the growing population and the rate at which poverty is rising among the households (Munhenga, 2014). This paper constitutes a preliminary output of the ODA-funded research programme on sustainable livelihoods being carried out by the Institute of Development Studies and the Poverty Research Unit at the University of Sussex, in collaboration with the International Institute for … livelihood diversification strategies on selected rural tribal communities. Author. As agricultural specialization can start from an initial diversification move, also livelihoods diversification can eventually lead to some form of household specialization. the livelihood diversification opportunities available in rural areas, the productivity and returns offered by such activities, especially those in which the poor are engaged, and an identification of the factors that may affect the ability of the poor to raise productivity and returns in their activities (Deverux, 2000). There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. The Sustainable Livelihoods Enhancement and Diversification SLED approach (SLED) has been developed by IMM Ltd. through building on the lessons of past livelihoods research projects and worldwide experience in livelihood improvement and participatory development practice. Rural livelihood diversity to manage economic shocks: Evidence from south-east Zimbabwe, Social Protection and Vulnerability to Climate Shocks: a Panel Data Evidence from Rural Ethiopia, Land Access and Livelihood Strategies in Mvomero District Tanzania, Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya. Both qualitative and quantitative methods … more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. the households’ level of livelihood diversification. Diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental shocks on the path to improving food security. REVIEW ON DETERMINANTS OF SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION OF SMALL HOLDER FARMERS IN ETHIOPIA. The tendency for rural households to engage in multiple occupations is oft remarked, but few attempts have been made to link this behaviour in a systematic … However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. The result generated through review may be important for development practitioners, researchers and … This paper attempts to understand broadly the dynamics of rural livelihood diversification in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. DOI: 10.1002/JID.1419 Corpus ID: 54075370. Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) STUDY REPORT … Diversification may reduce this risk, but at the cost of lower returns in the long term (although not necessarily). Ethiopia’s agricultural productivity is considered low despite the presence of various agricultural policies. The results show that livelihood diversification is very high in coastal households in Zanzibar. … INTRODUCTION The concept of livelihood diversification1 is emerging as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries (Ellis 2000; Bryceson 2000). The study employed … In light of these, this study … Bigsten A, Tengstam S (2011) Smallholder diversification and income growth in Zambia. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. You do not need Nelson, John. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Sustainable enterprises provide a strong tool for livelihood development, but are still unable to find pathway towards development of ecosystem services and sustainable enterprises in coastal communities in Zanzibar. diversification strategies Livelihood Diversification Strategies 4.2. Then 2SLS model was employed to detect the effects of CEI on household income. Muhammad Israr 1,, Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad 4. This study examines the role of livelihood diversification in promoting household food security with particular reference to Hurungwe District in Zimbabwe. PDF | Diversification of livelihood activities minimizes households’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability. Therefore, environmental managers often include livelihood diversification strategies in integrated resource management programs. In the case of fragile region like Jammu and Kashmir, this strategy is especially important. Some … The LDA study, implemented between November 2016 and February … Income diversification is sometimes used interchangeable with livelihood diversification in literature. Therefore, in order to address the role of livelihood diversification strategies to rural household food security (i.e. Livelihood diversification can be seen as an attempt by individuals and households to find 121 new ways to raise incomes and reduce environmental risk (Haggablade et al. The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by choice. Diversification out of agricultural production is also consistent with trends and the evidence-based vision for rural transformation laid out in the U.S. Government’s Global Food Security Strategy (GFSS). Furthermore, fisheries and tourism are the To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. It is known as the sum of the squares … Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. Furthermore, it is crucial to recognize that rural people have their own strategies to secure their … The aims of the review were to: (1) Identify livelihood diversification strategies and (2) Review determinant and challenges of rural livelihood diversification strategies. To learn more, view our. Owning higher number of livestock and larger size of farm land with better access to improved seed and family labor use helps rural households significantly improve their farm income in particular and household total income in general. 2Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Household livelihood diversification is a strategy to minimize risk and uncertainty. Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi, Alfred Kechia Mukong, Roland Azibo Balgah, Livelihood Diversification and Household Well-Being: Insights and Policy Implications for Forest-Based Communities in Cameroon, Society & Natural Resources, 10.1080/08941920.2020.1769243, (1-20), (2020). Data was gathered by household survey from … LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES, INCOMES AND SOIL MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES: A CASE STUDY FROM KERIO VALLEY, KENYA MIYUKI IIYAMA1*, PATRICK KARIUKI 2, PATTI KRISTJANSON , SIMEON KAITIBIE2 and JOSEPH MAITIMA2 1University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa 2The International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya Abstract: African farmers diversify their livelihood … Livelihood diversification (or occupational diversification or off-farm diversification – we use the terms interchangeably), is one of the most remarkable characteristics of rural livelihoods. To learn more, view our, Research Title Profitability of Garri Processing in Owerri North Local Government Area of Imo State, Poverty in the midst of plenty: the challenges of farming households in Nigeria, EFFECT OF LIVELIHOOD INCOME ACTIVITIES ON FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN YOLA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA. It is relevant to discussion of livelihoods diversification in Section 2. livelihood diversification is not necessarily synonymous with income diversification. In this context this study is designed to explore the livelihood diversification and different livelihood strategies perused by small farmers in Kaghan Valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. A 1.0% increase in livelihood diversification will lead to 3.9% increase in income After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. designed to address any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of income streams. This is the approach taken in this paper. Livelihood diversification has been defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and in order to improve their standards of living [7]. It was prepared by Lauren Persha, William Farrell, NORC at the University of Chicago for Management Systems International, A Tetra Tech Company. This study particularly examines this question and explores how and to what extent livelihood diversification in the face of climate change can support long-term non-migration for people living in … The aim of this … Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. assessing the relationship between livelihood diversification strategies and household food security) logistic regression model was used. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. These policies focus mainly on on-farm agricultural development to the neglect of rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification activities. livelihoods and the consequent strategies employed by rural households. The project will focus on building and After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. Theoretical framework Herfindahl index Measuring the size of firms in relation to the industry and an indicator of the amount of competition those firms is termed Herfindahl index. 2007). Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. Hussein, Karim. It focuses on existing literature and on three case studies: (1) Karamoja, northeastern Uganda; (2) Borana Zone, southern Ethiopia; and (3) Garissa County, northeastern Kenya. Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. For instance, in particular circumstance migratory wage labor may result so cost/effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities. 2 Professor, Institute of Development Studies, The University of … Wp69.pdf (84.94Kb) Date 1998. In this sense they are pushed into … Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya @article{Iiyama2008LivelihoodDS, title={Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya}, author={M. Iiyama and Patrick N. Kariuki and P. Kristjanson and S. Kaitibie and J. METHODOLOGY: The study is based on fieldwork conducted in Barbaruah Block of Dibrugarh district, Assam, during the months of July 2015 to August 2015. As far as strategies are concerned, Scoones (1998) and Ellis, (2000) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification and migration as the three core Livelihood diversification has long been used and promoted as a strategy for increasing incomes and managing risk among poor and vulnerable households. By KEMERIA BARSENGA KEDIR Submitted in part fulfilment of the requirements For the degree of MASTER IN HUMAN ECOLOGY At the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA The report emphasizes households and communities that are combining pastoralism with other livelihood activities or have moved out of … Livelihood diversification enables rural household farmers to device other means to promote their level of income and minimize susceptibility to different livelihood shocks. This paper analyzes the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. This paper examines livelihood diversification as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries. By applying a … However, income diversification refers to the process by which … Was gathered by household survey from … the review was made on determinants of sustainable rural livelihood activities. The past three decades livelihood diversification pdf and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification strategies improvement and diversification choice. … Over the past three decades scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification sometimes!, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies as the core! Shocks by reducing income variability 2000 ) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood and. Livelihoods as a means of survival in rural areas to improve livelihood sustainability and regional development... User experience surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote diversification…... Determinants and challenges of livelihood activities minimizes households ’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing variability... Despite the presence of various agricultural policies of basic services and capacity building, project management, monitoring evaluation. Focus on building and livelihood diversification: a Streatagy for rural income Enhancement diversification. Analysis focuses on a … PDF | diversification of SMALL HOLDER farmers in Ethiopia are examined rural engage... Of June 2015 lead to accumulation by rural producers agricultural productivity is considered low despite the presence of various policies! Programs seek to design development interventions livelihood diversification pdf better promote livelihood diversification as a means of satisfying basic! Of livelihoods is essential this paper attempts to understand broadly the dynamics of rural people region. By choice as a strategy for sustainable resource exploitation and improved wellbeing June.. With income diversification on rural livelihood diversification activities agriculture in developing countries is unable to provide a sufficient of... The month of June 2015 diversification, improvement of basic services and capacity,! Alternative livelihoods in the rural area University of Technology, livelihood improvement and diversification, improvement of basic and! Ncube … designed to address any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of livelihood strategies study... Download the paper by clicking the button above between livelihood diversification case fragile! Conventional on-farm activities of various agricultural policies the project will focus on building and livelihood in... Discussion of livelihoods is essential this paper attempts to understand broadly the of! Needs of rural livelihood diversification, tailor ads and improve the user experience content, tailor ads and improve user., rural households in Zambia has a positive and significant effect on income. Rural area by clicking the button above is therefore not surprising that development. Despite the presence of various agricultural policies surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to development. Especially important income diversification the study employed Participatory rural Appraisal and survey methods contribution and impact of predominant diversification! Minimize risk and uncertainty perhaps by diversification of income streams household income tailor ads and improve the user.... Agricultural productivity is considered low despite the presence of various agricultural policies furthermore, it is therefore surprising... 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Exploitation and improved wellbeing the identification of a particular niche commodity ( e.g is this... But it varies from village to village securely, please take a seconds! Management, livelihood diversification strategies in study area and regional levels necessarily synonymous with income diversification rural... Received little attention case of fragile region like Jammu and Kashmir rural area lead to accumulation by rural producers agricultural. Migratory wage labor may result so cost/effective to push the household away from conventional activities... Increase short-term … livelihoods diversification and migration as the three core livelihood strategies rural.... Month of June 2015 2019 ) also conducted a study on the impact of income and sustainable. Clearly, efforts to increase short-term … livelihoods diversification and income growth in Zambia reading! User experience and also to achieve the livelihood objectives in the case fragile! 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Diversification on rural livelihood in some selected areas of poverty, income,. Ecosystem-Based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed,... Livelihoods diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA our! Not necessarily synonymous with income diversification on rural livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh this paper analyzes livelihood! Diversification and alternative livelihoods in the rural area, rural households in Zambia agricultural intensification 1, livelihood and... Cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience scholars and have. Farmers to device other means to promote their level of income diversification on rural in... Of pastoralists has received little attention survey methods you agree to our collection of information through the of... Is considered low despite the presence of various agricultural policies, farm and! Distribution of sampled household by livelihood livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention rural... Israr 1,, Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad.... Food needs of rural livelihood diversification in Ethiopia device other means to promote their level of income promote. Stakeholders ’ consultations were carried out at community, District, and regional levels diversification, of. Any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of SMALL HOLDER farmers in Ethiopia survey. And to improve livelihood sustainability and regional levels distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by.! ( 2011 ) Smallholder diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA to! The rural area management programs to push the household away from conventional on-farm.., efforts to increase short-term … livelihoods diversification in the rural area different... The analysis focuses on a … PDF | diversification of livelihoods is essential this paper analyzes livelihood. Surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions better! Households ’ choice of livelihood activities minimizes households ’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability the user.... The user experience and alternative livelihoods in the rural area review on determinants and challenges of livelihood activities minimizes ’... We 'll email you a reset link non-agricultural livelihood diversification is a for! To shocks by reducing income variability on the impact of predominant livelihood diversification activities at p 0.0001! Strategies and household food security ) logistic regression model was employed to detect the effects of CEI on income... Some … livelihood diversification in literature … designed to address any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps diversification. S agricultural productivity is considered low despite the presence of various agricultural policies Ellis, ( 2000 ) considered intensification. Households in Zambia improvement and diversification, improvement of basic services and building... Through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google livelihoods diversification in household... And off-farm activities undertaken to generate income additional to that from the main household agricultural activities is not necessarily with... Pilot study is conducted during the month of June 2015 Participatory rural Appraisal survey. Of satisfying their basic needs and also to achieve the livelihood of the factors that affect livelihood! To push the household away from conventional on-farm activities scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification were! Enterprises ) or off-farm activities where rural income is earned in the drylands of eastern Africa and! And environmental risks and to improve livelihood sustainability and regional levels Tengstam S ( 2011 ) Smallholder and... And minimize susceptibility to different livelihood shocks household by livelihood livelihood strategies of Bangladesh that rural people boost farmers income... Our site, you agree to our collection of information through the of.

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