There are 12 soldiers of the 8th Armored Division World War II still listed as missing in action. The next day the 58th Inf. [1][2], By 9 April, The threat of a German breakout had passed due to the buildup of allied troops in the area. The Armored Infantry was developed to fill that role.[10]. In mid-January the division was seconded to the Third Army and raced 350 miles (560 km) across France through heavy snow and ice to Pont-à-Mousson to help stem the German drive for Strasbourg, part of the German Operation Nordwind It was at this point that the division was assigned the call-sign 'Tornado'. The 8th received orders on 1 April from XIX Corps to set up two spearheads for an attack to the east, the 2nd Armored and 30th Infantry in one and the 8th Armored and 83rd Infantry in the other. CCA tanks and infantry destroyed fifteen pillboxes, captured Tetelrath, and crossed the Schwalm river while CCB attacked and captured the towns of Arsbeck and Ober Kruchten. Sabotage was suspected. The following day CCB continued the attack on Unna and captured Lernen. By 9 March CCB of the 8th secured the town of Ossenberg as well as the towns of Borth and Wallach. Very little other training was done. [1], CCB completed clearing resistance from the edge of Forest Heimburg south of Derenburg while units of the 2nd Armored relieved CCR allowing it to move into the vicinity of Stroebeck in preparation for reducing resistance in Blankenburg. Mike, who is Communications Chief, is probably the best source of information on wire communications in the battery. [1], For the period of 15–18 April CCB cleared the area near the Hartz Mountains of remnants of the 11th Panzer Army while CCA began moving to Seehausen to support the attack on Magdeburg by the XIX Corps. New Books on 7AD in the Bulge. CCR captured Zweckel in the afternoon and launched an attack on Kirchellen which was secured by nightfall. [1], On 21 April CCR cleared the woods south of Blankenburg and linked up with elements of the 1st Inf. It is believed that these were the last official wartime casualties of the division. The Twelfth Army Group was tasked with reducing the pocket. In 1997, the information was declassified through the efforts of a former 8th Armored Division officer, Dr. Bernard Metrick. The tank battles of North Africa and Russia in early 1942 caused the US Army to recognize the need to drastically increase the number of its armored units. [1][2], On 10 April CCR advanced 7,000 yards (6,400 m) in fierce fighting and secured Stentrop, Bausenhagen, Scheda, Beutrap Wemen, and Fromern. [1], From the period of April through October 1944, the division conducted post-maneuver training, losing a number of trained personnel to other units and absorbing and training their replacements. [1], From Berg, the 8th continued their advance through Sinz and more heavy fighting. The 8th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army that served in the European Theater of World War II. The US WWII 36th Armored Infantry Regiment. The 8th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army during the Second World War. Periodically, prisoners throughout the Buchenwald camp system underwent selection. of the First Army. 8th Armored Division Statistics: WWII The 8th Armored Division spent a total of 63 days in combat, fighting in three campaigns. Div. Div. CCB moved through Sittard, Gangelt, Geilenkirchen, Randerath, and Brachelen to arrive at the Hilfarth Bridge and crossed after CCA. 8th Infantry Division. When not needed as direct observers, they were employed in their secondary roles as fighting tanks. Donald P. Boyer was the S-3 (Operations) Officer of 38th Armored Infantry Battalion. 473rd AAA AW (SP) Battalion The Division received orders to cease forward movement as it was 'pinched out' by the 35th Inf. The next day the division began to attack Blankenburg. On 19 April CCA was relieved and returned to Wernigerode from Seehausen where it in turn relieved the 330th Inf. [1], On 7 April the eastward movement of the US 2nd Armored Division and the westward movement of the 8th Armored created a gap of 180 miles (290 km) between the two fronts. [1], The 8th launched its attack on schedule but CCB was soon stalled by fierce German resistance at Neuhaus. Division losses were an additional 6 tanks destroyed and 4 disabled as well as heavy personnel casualties. Other weakened prisoners were killed by phenol injections administered by the camp doctor. The Service Company contained special units like: Companies A, B and C generally consisted of 17 medium tanks as follows: Shortly after arriving in Europe, the 8th swapped its M5A1 tanks for the newer, more powerful M24 Chaffee light tank. The 130th Panzer Division was pulled out of the Wesel area and moved south to counterattack. [1], Col. Wallace, the commander of CCR, was captured by German forces during the night of 4 April. [3], Of interest is that all details regarding the camp were sealed and classified by the US Government; presumably because of the camp's involvement with an improved version of the V-1 flying bomb. The successes of the German armored units in Poland and France underscored America's need for an effective armored force. 80th Tank Battalion: Maj. A. E. Walker It is an interlocked ornament, found in Nordic monuments, composed of three torques: red for Artillery; blue for Infantry; and yellow for Cavalry. On 30 May the division was assigned to Third Army. The armored infantrymen were not issued the Browning Automatic Rifle as each rifle platoon contained 2 M1919A4 medium machine guns as well as the 4 M1919A4's and 1 M2 mounted on the platoon's halftracks. [1], The division moved to Simpelveld, the Netherlands for rest and refitting absorbing approximately 200 replacements. so an attack could be mounted in the direction of Rheinberg and Wesel to prevent the Germans from crossing the Rhine River. Technician Fourth Grade Carson M. Barbour 36th Tank Battalion 03/05/1945 Corporal Willie G. Beckner 80th Tank Battalion 03/29/1945 [1], On 24 March 18 Tank Bn of the 8th Armored Division was ferried across in support of the 30th Infantry prior to the Division's crossing. [1], The same day the US 9th Armored Division captured a bridge over the Rhine at Remagen. Div. Division Trains: Col. Y. D. Vesely Casualty figures for the 8th Armored Division, European theater of … The following day CCA joined the attack on Unna and CCB went into reserve. Division Artillery: Col. W. H. Holt lost two men to snipers who had to be killed since they would not surrender. This is a virtual site for and about the members of the 5th Armored Division Association. [1], During December 1943, the division participated in the D Series of exercises in Texas. On 6 November 1944 the division left Camp Kilmer and boarded ships in New Jersey for the United Kingdom. Devine was personally selected by Gen. Eisenhower to command the 8th Armored. The primary striking force of the Armored Division was the tank. These machine guns could be dismounted and used as needed.[1][8]. During this period the division became the first US or British unit to uncover the existence of the secret Werwolf organization when several cleverly camouflaged bunkers were discovered, each containing 12 to 15 fully equipped German soldiers. The 116th Panzer Division was defending both and the approaches had been heavily mined. This would allow German forces to briefly cut off the US 2nd Armored. CCB was relieved at 2400 and ordered to the Venlo, the Netherlands, rest area, the relief being completed on 10 and 11 March. Casualty Figures. [1], The 8th received orders on 27 March to secure the road running from Hamm to Soest. The tank battles of North Africa and Russia in early 1942 caused the US Army to recognized the need to drastically increase the number of its armor… During this period the 8th supplied trained personnel to the 9th through 14th Armored Divisions. 3 M4A3 76 F.O. The battalion was made of 3 armored infantry companies: A, B and C which in turn were made up of: Early in the war, the anti-tank platoon would have included a 37 mm anti-tank cannon but by the time the 8th entered combat in late 1944 the 37 mm was deemed ineffective against German armor and was discarded from the TO & E.[8], The primary weapon of the armored infantryman was the M1 Garand rifle. CCB moved to Westerhausen and CCR moved to Aspenstedt to clear the remaining woods around Blankenburg. It was relieved by units of the British Army and began its move to the city of Pilsen in western Czechoslovakia. 36th Tank Battalion: Lt. Col. J. H. Van Houten ROSTER. Click mailbox to add your name to the DIVISIONAL ROSTER A ARRICK , WILLIAM 1st Lt. SECOND PLATOON Co E 28th INF ... 8th Infantry Division 68-69. Most errors found can be attributed to either scanning or typing - I do not type nearly as accurately as I once did. [1], The division was assigned to cleanup operations in the rear areas of the Rhineland which had been bypassed during the movement to the Rhine River. On 5 April Col. Vesely assumed command of CCR and continued to attack westward capturing the towns of Horne, Klieve, Schmerlacke and Serlinghausen. The light format armored division was made up of three combat commands referred to as Combat Command A (CCA), Combat Command B (CCB) and a smaller unit called Combat Command Reserve (CCR). The devastating successes of the German armored units in Poland and France underscored America's need for an effective armored force. An advance unit of the 80th Tank battalion that had been surrounded in Kirchellen since early that morning was relieved. The great thing about the Roster is that all the names are listed twice: once in an alphabetical listing and again in the soldier?s Battalion and Company. They captured the towns of Wamel, Brullinggsen, Ellingsen, and Westendorf. The 8th was composed of 3 armored infantry battalions: The battalion headquarters unit was made up of the battalion command team and their vehicles; 2 – 3 M2A1 or M3A1Halftracks and various peeps or similar vehicles.[8]. The 20th landed at Le Havre, France on 18 Feb, 1945, so they were not in the ETO during the BoB. The rosters are a work in progess. The ships arrived in Southampton on 18 November and the division moved to Tidworth Camp, joining the newly formed Fifteenth Army. They move 170 miles (270 km) to Wolfenbüttel. [1], On 19 September the division began the 600-mile (970 km) trip to Camp Oklahoma City near Rheims, France for deployment home. On 23 March all artillery units commenced firing over 130,000 rounds preceding the initial crossing of the Rhine River to be made by the 30th Infantry Division. German losses were 8 tanks, 1 anti-aircraft gun, 1 anti-tank gun and 1 halftrack. New orders were received late in the next day to capture Dorsten so that the Lippe River could be bridged allowing armor to move northward. [1][8], Early experience with armored warfare in the First World War made it clear that tanks could not fight in isolation. NOTICE: 8th Armored Division Association Annual Reunion. On 19 February 1945, the Division launched a full-scale attack, storming the heights of Munzigen Ridge, backbone of the Saar-Moselle Triangle, and took all objectives. Jr. 88th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized), 4 tank companies referred to as A, B, C and D companies, These were M4A3's fitted with a 105 mm cannon and used as an, Tank retrievers for recovering damaged tanks, Tanks with plows and flails for clearing obstacles, 7th, 49th & 58th Armored Infantry Battalions, 3 armored infantry companies referred to as A,B and C Companies, An HQ platoon comprising the battalion staff and their vehicles; 2 – 3, A mortar platoon with 3 M4 mortar carriers (made up of an, A Headquarters Platoon comprising the platoon staff and their vehicles: 2, 3 Rifle platoons of 36 riflemen divided into 3 squads of 12, 2, An Anti-tank platoon with 9 bazooka rocket launchers, their crews (30 men in total) and their vehicles: 3, 3 firing batteries referred to as A, B and C Batteries. The US 9th Air Force continued to provide close air support as the division continued into the Ruhr Pocket through heavy fighting in the Lippstadt area. At the end of the day, CCB relieved CCR and attacked westward toward Soest; capturing the towns of Schallen and Lohne while CCA continued attacking south capturing the towns of Anroechte, Mensel, Drewer, and Altenruthen. The 16th Armored Division arrived in France, 11 February 1945, and was attached to the Third Army. At 1000 hours a 13 plane squadron attacked Blankenburg and immediately afterward the burgomeister was contacted about surrendering after a show of force. The division assembled in the Bacqueville area of upper Normandy as part of the (then) still secret Fifteenth Army and was placed in reserve. His prior assignment was Commanding General, Combat Command B, 7th Armored Division. You can search for a person by filling in the form below. It also offers resources for contemporary problems and topics. The town of Billmerich was also captured. After training in England from January to July 1944, the 4th Armored Division landed at Utah Beach 11 July 1944 and entered combat 17 July, driving to and securing the Coutances area, 28 July, The Division then swung south to take Nantes, cutting off the Brittany Peninsula, 12 August 1944. EMAIL: mander8813@aol.com. CCR, in the meantime, outposted all roads northeast of Soest to facilitate an attack on the town by the 94th Inf. Prisoners in the satellite camps were put to work mostly in armaments factories, in stone quarries, and on construction projects. [4], The general end of hostilities unfortunately did not mean the end of casualties for the 8th Armored. They went overseas on 5 December 1943 where they trained in Ireland for the Invasion of Europe.. Grimes went on to serve as Commandant of the Cavalry School at Fort Riley, Kansas. Most of CCB moved on to Halberstadt with some units remaining in Wolfenbüttel until the rest of the Division arrived. Div. If you have information to share, send a copy - no originals please - to Scott Thorpe, Webmaster, to help us update our records. I. O. Drewry. The third side of the armored division's offensive triangle was the armored field artillery. [1], After leaving the Ruhr Pocket on 13 April the division moved east. [1], CCB was detached and assigned to the 35th Inf. US Air Corps replacements from San Antonio. The SS staff sent those too weak or disabled to continue working to the Bernburg or Sonnenstein killing centers, where they were killed by gas. 405th Arm'd Field Artillery Battalion: Lt. Col. William McLynn[4], Service battalions: The 8th Armored Division was activated on 1 April 1942 at Fort Knox, Kentucky, with "surplus" units of the recently reorganized 4th Armored Division and newly-organized units. If you have information to share, send a copy - no originals please - to Scott Thorpe, Webmaster, to help us update our records. [1], CCA captured Dorsten early the next morning and CCB moved in to secure the area so CCA could join CCR in their advance to the east towards the town of Marl. [1], There is an official 8th Armored Division memorial at the American Cemetery in the city of Margraten, The Netherlands[4], The nickname of the 8th Armored Division, the "Thundering Herd", was coined before the division went to Europe in late 1944. [1], The 8th liberated Halberstadt-Zwieberge, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp, between 12 and 17 April 1945 during its drive through central Germany. At the end of October the 8th received movement orders to Camp Kilmer, New York in preparation for shipment overseas. CCA attacked on the left flank and captured Im Loh then moved on to bypass Dorsten. The division served as th… The last Roster was published in 2003 and given to Members of the 12th Armored Division Association. The 809th used the M18 Hellcat 76 mm GMC. [1][8], The M4A3 76 were M4A3 Shermans tanks fitted with a more powerful 76 mm cannon. An 18th tank was the first across the Rhine in the 9th Army area and assisted in the capture of Spellen, the first town captured east of the Rhine by 9th Army. The 8th Armored Division included the: Each battalion comprised 18 self-propelled cannon and supporting vehicles. CCA headed for the town of Wegberg. On 6 April, CCB made a 25-mile (40 km) 'end run' around Soest to the outskirts of Ost Onnen to cut off a German breakout path from the Ruhr pocket. Units could be assigned to one of the combat commands at need, creating a very flexible formation. CCA had lost 2 tanks, 1 halftrack and 1 jeep during these operations. Forward Observer tanks, referenced as FO1, FO2 and FO3. The squadron was organized in troops and equipped as follows: Recon units were often supported by tank destroyer units, in the case of the 8th the 809th Tank Destroyer Battalion. 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8th armored division roster 2021